Sorry, you need to enable JavaScript to visit this website.
Not a member? Register here
Share this Article
 Understanding Your Menstrual Cycle

Understanding Your Menstrual Cycle

(0 reviews)

Now that you hope to get pregnant, knowing a little more about your periods will help you understand your fertile days and conception.

Friday, December 2nd, 2016

What is a menstrual cycle?

Monthly vaginal bleeding in women, that starts around 11-14 years of age and ends around 51 years of age, is called menstrual cycle or periods. On an average, a menstrual cycle lasts for 28 days, but can vary between 21-35 days. The first day of bleeding is counted as the first day of your cycle.

If you feel your menstrual cycle is too frequent than 21 days or delayed over 45 days, lasts more than 7 days, and gives you cramps that hinder your daily activities, you must see your doctor.

Why does it happen?

Menstruation occurs because of ups
and downs in several hormones in your body. Every month, your body prepares for pregnancy by building up the lining of your
uterus, with the help of the hormones estrogen, progesterone, luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH). The 28 days menstrual cycle
may be divided into two halves depending on the levels of these hormones:

The First Half

This phase is dominated by oestrogen which helps in thickening the uterine wall. The FSH stimulates formation of several egg containing follicles in your ovaries,
of which, only one matures to release an egg at around 14th day of your cycle. This is called ovulation. Once the egg leaves your ovaries, it waits in your
fallopian tubes for about 24 hours, to be fertilized by a man’s sperm.

The Second Half

In the next 14 days, the lining of your uterus continues to thicken to support a possible pregnancy resulting from implantation of the fertilized egg in your uterus. If the egg is not fertilized, the oestrogen levels drops, causing the lining to break down and bleed out along with the egg. This marks the beginning of your next menstrual cycle. The bleeding may last between 2-7 days.

You may experience abdominal cramps, headache, bloating, mood swings and food cravings etc. during and/or before the start of your periods. Including foods that provide folic acid, calcium, magnesium, vitamin B6, and E may help reduce some of these symptoms.

Read more

Join My First 1000 Days Club

It all starts here. Expert nutrition advice for you and your baby along the first 1000 days.

  • Learn about nutrition at your own paceLearn about nutrition at your own pace
  • toolTry our tailored practical tools
  • Enjoy member only benefits and offersEnjoy member only benefits

Let's start this!

Related Content
Article Reviews

0 reviews


Still haven't found
what you are looking for?

Try our new smart question engine. We'll always have something for you.