Colic is a common condition in babies when she cries inconsolably without any specific reason for long durations. Medically, colic has been defined as ‘a condition of a healthy baby in which she shows periods of intense, unexplained fussing or crying lasting more than 3 hours a day, more than 3 days a week for more than 3 weeks. Crying due to colic may be limited to a specific time of the day, like early evenings in most of the cases.
Your baby may be colicky between 3 to 12 months.
The condition typically appears within the first month of your baby’s life and often disappears, very suddenly, before the baby is three to four months old. It can also last up to 12 months of age.
The cause for colic is uncertain.
No specific causes for colic have been defined yet. Colic has been linked to gastric problems like wind or abdominal pain.
Colicky babies cry more than normal babies.
It is difficult to judge if your baby is crying due to some real problem or just because of colic. But your baby cries at almost similar time of day regularly and for almost similar duration of time, she is likely to be colic. Babies who have colic cry more than normal babies. The baby may cry in bouts or almost all the time. While crying your baby may clench her fists, curl up her legs and seem like she is in a lot of pain. While crying, the baby may also swallow air, that can cause wind in your baby’s tummy and make her tummy appear swollen and tight, which can make her even more uncomfortable.
Consult a pediatrician to confirm you baby has colic.
The best way to find out if your baby has colic or not is to take her to the pediatrician who is able to determine if there is any serious medical condition causing your baby’s crying or if she has colic. However, it is more important to determine that your baby does not have any underlying health issue before considering that colic might be an issue.
Understanding the reason of colic.
Maintaining a diary of when your baby starts crying, the duration of crying and if it happens after any specific action, will help you determine if there is any relationship between your activity and crying , you can accordingly modify the activities.
Breastfeeding mother should maintain a food diary.
It is important for a breastfeeding mother to keep a food diary. Sometimes babies are allergic to protein in cow’s milk and if the mother ingests a lot of dairy products, gas is produced in the baby’s tummy and may cause colic in the baby. Eliminating foods like cabbage, dairy products, onions, caffeine, and other foods which cause flatulence, from your diet possibly helps your baby’s colic.
Colic is not a serious problem and disappears as your baby matures.
If none of these work, you might need to try some other tricks or else simply wait the colic out until your baby is 3-4 months old and her body is more mature. Normally, colic is not a serious problem and babies with colic continue to eat and gain weight normally, despite the crying. The only problem with colic is the stress and anxiety it creates within the home. Parents find it difficult to cope with persistent crying and may need occasional breaks.
Normal colic does not need medical treatment.
Colic does not need any medical treatment and may improve with the baby’s age. If the baby does not have any medical condition and crying because of colic, you can wait for the crying baby to settle down. It takes some while for colic to pass, but you need to remain calm because this is a temporary phase and will pass out soon.
Colic is a common condition among babies and usually happens between ages of 3 to 12 months. Colic normally does not need any medical attention and cures as the baby matures. You just have to be cautious and take remedial steps accordingly.