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How does Speech Evolve in Babies

How does Speech Evolve in Babies

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Initially, your child communicates by crying. Slowly he or she will start babbling and cooing. And before you realise, your child will move on from making meaningless sounds to saying meaningful words.

Tuesday, April 25th, 2017

Here is how your baby’s speech evolves through early ages:

Before 12 Months

Although genetic makeup plays an important role in speech development, provide stimulating environment that exposes your child to rich language and be prompt and clear in your feedback.

Crying is the mode of communication for newborns to get food, comfort and companionship.

By 3–4 months, babies start cooing, babbling and chattering.

Gradually, they become familiar with basic sounds of their language, combine sounds together to form words and pronounce words such as "mama" and "dada", without knowing the meaning though.

By 12 to 15 Months

Around this time, kids can make a wide range of sounds such as p, b, m, d or n when they are babbling.

They start imitating sounds and speak few words such as "ball", "doll", etc.

They can also follow simple one-step directions. For example: ‘Give me that doll.’

From 18 to 24 Months

By the end of 18 months, children can speak around 20 words. The number of words increases to 50 or more by the time they are 2 years old.

During this period, kids can string two or three words and make short phrases or sentences. For example, "baby crying", "give me", "dog jumping", etc.

By age 2, kids can point out their body parts, identify common objects in person and in pictures (like, dog, carrot, flower, etc.)

They can follow two-step instructions. For example: ‘Pick up that doll and give it to me.’

From 2 to 3 Years

As children grow, they have an increased stock of vocabulary and can speak sentences by joining three or more words.

At the end of 3 years, kids can speak 200 or more words and are able to understand more.

At this age kids can also identify colours and shapes, tell stories and say their own name.

Welcome to the world of communication between you and your baby!

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