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 Getting Pregnant with Hyper or Hypothyroid Problem

Getting Pregnant with Hyper or Hypothyroid Problem

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If you have thyroid problem and thinking about getting pregnant, it is important to control the problem before you get pregnant.

Wednesday, May 24th, 2017

What is Thyroid Problem?

Thyroid problem is a disorder of the thyroid gland, which is located in front of the neck, below your voice box. This thyroid gland produces thyroid hormones that are necessary for the development of a healthy baby and mother to be healthy.

Thyroid disorders are of two types:

Consume iodised salt and foods rich in iodine, as thyroid gland uses iodine to make thyroid hormone. Pregnant women require a higher amount of iodine, as baby gets iodine only from you.

  • Hyperthyroidism: This is a condition in which your thyroid gland makes more thyroid hormones than the body needs.
  • Hypothyroidism: This is a condition in which the thyroid gland does not make enough thyroid hormones than it is required by the body.

How does It Affect your Pregnancy?

Having any of this condition might make it difficult for you to conceive. Not only that, neglecting thyroid problem or untreated thyroid problem before pregnancy might
be a danger to both, you and your baby during pregnancy.

Hyperthyroidism can increase the risk of:

  • High blood pressure or preeclampsia
  • Premature  or low birth weight babies 
  • Stillbirths

Hypothyroidism can increase the risk of:

  • Anaemia 
  • Preeclampsia
  • Low birth-weight babies

What You can do

  • If you have thyroid problem and you are planning for pregnancy, discuss the same with your doctor. Your doctor will check your thyroid levels and ensure that they are right before you try to conceive. Accordingly, treatment will be started, which mainly involves medication.
  • Also, notify your doctor as soon as you get pregnant because most women need to take a higher dose of medication than before during pregnancy, as pregnancy hormones increase thyroid levels. As your pregnancy progresses, your blood levels will be monitored regularly and the amount of medication you take will be adjusted accordingly.

With proper treatment, you can have a healthy pregnancy and a healthy baby.

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