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Cognitive Developmental Milestones up to 3 Years

Cognitive Developmental Milestones up to 3 Years

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Cognitive development is the development of your child’s thoughts, learning and problem-solving skills.

Tuesday, April 25th, 2017

The following milestones will help you to know whether your child is on with his/her development. These milestones will also help you to identify developmental delays in your child.

Age

Milestones

1.5–2 years

At 18 months, your child:

• Knows and understands the purpose of various household things like mobile, comb, etc.

• Plays with doll by pretending to feed the doll.

• Points to body parts and can scribble.

• Can follow simple one step commands like “sit down”.

At 2 years, your child:

• Finds hidden things when it is under two or three covers.

• Begins to identify colors.

• Plays games like pretend play also known as symbolic play such as play with paper and pretend it to be an airplane.

3 Years

Understands the meaning of three or other numbers.

• Draws a circle.

• Plays games like pretend play or imaginative play with dolls and animals.

• Makes puzzles with 3 or 4 pieces.

• Turns book pages one at a time.

• Builds towers of 6 or more blocks.

• Opens or closes jar cap.

 

Contact your doctor if by 2 years of age your child does not know what to do with common household things like fork, spoon, mobile, toothbrush etc.

 

Your baby’s brain undergoes rapid development during the first 2–3 years of life. Micronutrients, especially iron, zinc, and iodine, are crucial for the normal development of your baby’s cognitive abilities during this periods. Babies are at increased risk of developing micronutrient deficiencies during the time of weaning i.e. during the introduction of complementary foods. Therefore, it is important to ensure that your baby’s food contains all the micronutrients in adequate amounts to support optimal brain and cognitive development and to prevent the development of micronutrient deficiencies. Feeding your baby with only plant-based foods (diet consisting solely of staple food, legumes,
and grains) may not provide all the required nutrients especially micronutrients leading to nutrition gap which thus increases the risk of developing micronutrient deficiencies. Even the inclusion of non-vegetarian foods may meet the nutrient gap in some cases, but the amounts of food that can feasibly be consumed by infants are generally insufficient to meet the gap of certain micronutrients. Therefore, to give your baby all the required nutrition, provide her nutrient-dense fortified foods as these may help bridge the nutrient gaps and may ensure optimal growth and development.

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