Carbohydrates are your body’s primary energy suppliers, providing you with 4 kcal per gram of carbohydrate eaten. It forms the bulk of an Indian meal consists of carbohydrates.
Pregnancy is about making smart choices, food choices that are healthy and nourishing to you and your baby. This is applicable to the type of carbohydrates that you include in your diet as well.
There are two main types of carbohydrates: (1) simple carbohydrates and (2) complex carbohydrates.
Carbohydrates which can be easily broken up by the body are called simple carbohydrates. Simple carbohydrates are found in table sugar or sweet candy that you may occasionally pop in. It is also found in fruits and milk.
So, it is smarter choice to grab a fruit or a glass of milk (with no added sugar) as they are loaded with vitamins and minerals which is absent in the candy.
Carbohydrates which are broken up by the body slowly are called complex carbohydrates. Starch present in cereals, millets, pulses and root vegetables is a complex carbohydrate.
Dietary fibre present in whole grains, vegetables and fruits, is also a type of complex carbohydrate.
So, what makes carbohydrates from fruits, vegetables and whole grains the smarter choice than those from candies/pastries?
The answer lies in the way these foods are digested.
Your blood glucose level increases after you eat food.
Simple carbohydrates from candies and pastries are broken up very rapidly by the body. This causes your blood glucose levels to increase sharply and dip rapidly which is not good.
On the other hand, whole grains, fruits and vegetables contain dietary fibre. Dietary fibre is digested slowly, providing you with continuous energy and preventing sudden spikes in the blood glucose levels.
So, go ahead and make smart choices for you and your baby’s health and be a proud mom.